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Business Law

Federal Trade Commission Competition and Consumer Protection Authority

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission is given broad authority in the areas of competition and consumer protection law by Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C.S. § 45. Section 5 declares unlawful any "[u]nfair methods of competition in or affecting commerce, and unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce," and Section 5 gives the Commission authority to prevent use of unfair methods of competition and deceptive acts or practices.

Formation of a Partnership

A partnership is created when members of the partnership intentionally join together to carry on a business that is not incorporated. Members, or partners, may be individuals, trusts, estates, corporations, or other partnerships.

Sales of Foreign Options and Futures to U.S. Customers

The United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission regulates the offer and sale of foreign futures and options contracts to customers in the United States. Part 30 of rules of the Commission requires that sellers of such contracts must register with the Commission or seek an exemption from registration and that any seller, whether or not registered, must not engage in fraudulent activities.

Securities Trading Halts, Delays, and Suspensions

The Securities and Exchange Commission may suspend trading in a security for up to ten days. Securities exchanges such as the New York and American Stock Exchanges and Nasdaq may delay trading in a security at the beginning of a trading day or halt trading in a security during the trading day.

Significance of Par Value of a Stock

Common stock and other securities may be issued with or without a stated face value or "par" value. Issuing stock with or without par or face value may have several consequences.

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